A study by researchers at the University of California, Merced, found that people who were injured by violence were at a much higher risk of dying or attempting suicide.
The study, conducted by Sidra Goldman-Meller, professor of public health, and Ping Qin, professor at the National Center for Suicide Research and Prevention in Oslo, has been published in eClinical Medicine, an open-access journal of The Lancet medical journal.
Goldman-Meller conducted the research in conjunction with the University of Oslo while on a Fulbright scholarship in Norway. She used population-based Norwegian register data, or information regularly collected by the government on a population’s health events, social status and deaths from 2010 to 2018, to investigate the relationship between violent injury and subsequent risk of non-fatal and fatal suicide. Behavior.
The study looked at 28,276 patients who had suffered violent injuries and compared them with 282,760 gender- and age-matched individuals.
Previous research in this area has focused on intimate partner violence, child abuse, or sexual assault. The study conducted by Goldman-Meyler and Chin looked more broadly at people injured by a variety of violent incidents.
Researchers say that while there is a strong link between violent victimization (such as physical assault, sexual violence, intimate partner violence or child abuse) and subsequent problems such as depression, anxiety and substance abuse, the extent of the impact is less well understood . Associated with the most severe mental health outcomes: suicide and suicidal behavior.
Goldman-Meller and Qin found that people who suffered violent injuries were 10 times more likely to subsequently attempt suicide and about five times more likely to actually die by suicide than those who were not injured. The study found that the risk remained substantially elevated even after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, including income, education, marital status and immigration status, as well as previous psychiatric treatment and intentional self-harm in both male and female patients.
“These findings highlight how ‘long-arm’ violence profoundly impacts mental health, including suicidal behavior,” Goldman-Meller said. “Violence prevention efforts by the public health community are critical in their own right, but may also have negative consequences for population mental health. There will be knock-on beneficial effects.”
Goldman-Meller said her findings showing that exposure to violent injury is associated with substantially increased short- and long-term risks of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behavior underscore the need for further research into the underlying mechanisms of this association and the development of strategies aimed at reducing Intervention strategies for suicide risk. People who have been victims of violence.
The researchers recommend that clinicians provide suicide risk screening and interventions for patients who have experienced violent injuries, especially if they are struggling with other psychosocial difficulties.
While the research itself produces important information, it is equally important to share these findings with the international community.
“Whenever possible, I try to publish in open-access journals to increase the availability of my research to a broad audience,” Goldman-Meller said. “Scientific information on public health issues is relevant to communities around the world, and everyoneInterested in suicide and violence prevention. I hope that studies like mine will be widely disseminated and help form part of the evidence base for clinical and policy prevention efforts. “